General about panic attacks.
What is a panic attack.
A panic attack is a rapidly occurring attack of intense fear that reaches its peak within a few minutes and lasts up to thirty to forty minutes.
It arises not only quickly, but also suddenly. That’s right out of the blue. And the main thing is fear. The fear of death is right here and now, the fear of losing control, the fear of going crazy. Not sometime in the future, but right now.
This distinguishes panic from hypochondriacal anxiety, when adversity is presented in the future, and from generalized anxiety disorder, in which the anxiety can be strong, but not specific.
Oh, what I said about suddenness and fear is important, because often patients diagnose themselves, and doctors tend to believe it. Differences from an acute and severe anxiety attack are fundamental, the correct treatment will depend on the correct diagnosis. Therefore, try to formulate your complaints to your doctor as specific as possible.
The prevalence of panic attacks.
Panic attacks are quite common and occur in 2-5 people per hundred. And the peak falls on the age of the most intense activity – from 25 to 65 years. Women suffer 3-4 times more often than men, although this may not correspond to reality. Women, due to their gender characteristics, are less embarrassed to seek help, including medical help.
In women, panic states occur more often, but are less intense and less prone to chronic course and the formation of panic disorder than in men.
Heredity and Panic.
The predisposition to panic can be inherited. This can be exactly a genetic transmission, or it can occur at the level of upbringing. Parents do not know how to deal with their emotions in stress and cannot teach this to a child.
The relationship between biochemical changes in the body and the experience of panic.
During a panic attack, a large number of those neurotransmitters (the so-called “stress hormones”) are released into the bloodstream, which are usually produced in response to a real threat and help to cope with it by mobilizing defenses. Their high level causes a feeling of lack of air, palpitations, tremors, anxiety and other unpleasant subjective experiences.
Patients with panic attacks are highly sensitive to carbon dioxide and lactate, which are formed in large quantities in the body during physical exertion.Поділитися цим: