Bleeding gums: causes and treatment
Bleeding gums is one of the symptoms of gingivitis, indicating one of two inflammatory gum diseases – gingivitis or periodontitis. It most often occurs when brushing teeth or chewing solid food and is due to the fact that weakened gingivitis is more easily damaged in response to mechanical stress.Inflammation and bleeding of the gums is caused by poor oral hygiene, which results in the accumulation of soft microbial plaque and tartar on the teeth. The bacteria in plaque and tartar produce various toxins and pathogens that cause gum disease.
Sometimes plaque may not form around the neck of the tooth. At the same time, the gums still somehow bleed when brushing your teeth, and also have a pronounced bluish color. This is due to the presence of subgingival dental calculi, which form in patients with long-term chronic gingivitis (eg, chronic periodontitis). Detection and removal of such plaque is possible only during a visit to the dentist.
Causes of bleeding gums
If you are interested in the mechanism by which poor hygiene and gum disease cause bleeding, then it looks like this. Plaque and calculus bacteria release a large number of toxins and various pathogens that trigger a chain of inflammatory reactions in the gums. In particular, this leads to an increase in the permeability and fragility of the capillaries (which is why blood appears precisely when brushing your teeth), as well as to swelling, redness or cyanosis of the gingival papillae.Поділитися цим: