Why do children scream on the plane: chronic otitis media
I have long noticed that children start screaming precisely during the takeoff and descent of the aircraft, which means that the cause of concern is discomfort in the ears caused by the difference in air pressure in the cabin. Given the structural features of the child’s ear, this process is much more painful than in adults, especially against the background of infections of the ENT organs. I will share my experience in preventing these cases while traveling.
The organ of hearing consists of the outer, middle and inner ear. During takeoff or landing of the aircraft, the air pressure in the cabin and in the outer ear changes, but in the middle ear cavity remains the same, so the eardrum bulges outward or vice versa is pulled in. These tympanic membrane tension are perceived by us as a change in hearing.
Normal pressure drops are easily equalized through the Eustachian tube, which communicates with the pharynx. To facilitate this process, candy is distributed on the plane – swallowing movements open the entrance to the Eustachian tube and the pressure is equalized. But why do children often scream as if they were “cut”?
Age features of the structure of the organ of hearing in children
In infants, the Eustachian tube is shorter and horizontal, therefore, opportunistic bacteria in the pharynx often become infected through it.
As a result, 75% of infants suffer from acute, and later chronic otitis media. By school age, 90% of children already have otitis media. With this disease, the Eustachian tube collapses due to edema, therefore, conducting air through it becomes much more difficult. The tympanic membrane is also inflamed with otitis media, and any pressure drops leading to its stretching cause acute pain. They try to plug babies with a nipple or breast, but this causes even more pain and screaming, since the process of sucking (as opposed to swallowing) leads to even greater pressure drops in the inner ear.
The recipe is simple: give the children sips to drink while lifting and lowering the plane. You should drink with regular drinkers and bottles that do not require sucking (that is, without a nipple). If a child has a runny nose, be sure to drip vasoconstrictor drops into the nose before the flight – this will reduce the swelling in the Eustachian tube and facilitate the outflow of infected nasal mucus into the oropharynx.
Prevention of otitis media and other infections of ENT organs
In order to prevent otitis media, the probiotic blis k12 strain helps well. Studies have found that children who do not have acute respiratory infections have this bacterial strain on the mucous membranes. This human-friendly bacterium actively produces a bactericidal factor (BLIS), which suppresses the growth of pathogenic bacteria, which makes it effective in the prevention and treatment of otitis media and pharyngitis in children 3 years old. Clinical studies of the use of the Blis-k12 strain on children 3-13 years old with recurrent throat infections have shown a 90% reduction in the incidence.Поділитися цим: